Date Published: Sept. 12, 2019, 8:25 a.m.
Ate is one of the 50 districts of Lima, capital of Peru, residential and industrial with families of middle-lower and lower classes. It has 680,085 inhabitants that generate 600 tons of solid waste per day. In 2010, a Municipal Management Improvement Incentive Program of the Ministry of Economy and Finance was launched in Peru, which included, as one of its goals, the implementation of an integrated solid waste management system. The Municipality of Ate in 2011 made the decision to take on this system complementing it with social inclusion, giving work to disabled people and also incorporated technicians to develop their experience; considering that it did not have the resources for this purpose. The idea was to segregate the solid waste at their source of generation that is families and make the correct classification of the waste for further delivery to the industries that perform the recycling. From this experience, companies were contacted to carry out a Public-Private Alliance and from January 2019 the new local government decided to consolidate the experience and project its decentralization under forms of social economy and use of an app (app). The population directly affected by the project is 240,000 people from the participating families and indirectly affected is the total population of Ate: 680, 085. The main innovation of this Program is the business model and environmental education strategy. The program reduces the amount of waste that is managed in the general collection, saving municipalities money. The main recommendations for other cities to implement similar solutions are: 1. Starting from a political decision and a technical conduct with which a pilot experience is developed, which allows to design operationally the service to be provided as part of the social and solidarity economy. 2. Then, convene companies specialized in the activity that is to be developed to participate in its implementation within the framework of their corporate social responsibility. The public-private partnership is central to the transfer of knowledge, in action. 3. Develop the experience in a next stage of growth, until it approaches your balance point between revenue and costs. From there, start the process of corporate constitution. In the case of the city of Ate, the independence of the service is projected as a cooperative of workers. The plan is to form the cooperative and progressively transfer the assets of its initial assets to it, maintaining for a later period the advice and supervision. 4. At the same time, replicate this modular experience in other locations in the city. Currently, the Municipality of Ate works in 4 sectors: Vitarte, Salamanca, Huaycán and Santa Clara. This "Municipal Program of Segregation in the Source and Selective Collection: Recycling with Inclusion" operates in one sector, that of Santa Clara. It will need to expand to the other 3 sectors. Finally, maximizing not only environmental management via the treatment of solid waste, but mainly the use of smart technologies within the orientation of promoting social and solidarity economy.
Programa de gestión de residuos y finanzas locales